Your Roof In Layers: How To Understand The Lingo

December 17, 2018

Your Roof In Layers: How To Understand The Lingo

One of the best ways to learn any new lingo is to study a descriptive diagram, which gives you more knowledge through visuals.

Seeing an actual image is more powerful than just hearing or reading about roof design. Here’s a breakdown of the details to demystified the various important roofing layers.

The Layers

The purpose of the various layers of roofing between your ceiling and the shingles is to provide support and protection from outside elements. Any roof can be potentially damaged by severe weather, so it’s important that the multiple roofing layers work together to withstand heavy wind and rain. It helps to browse a glossary list of common roofing terms to get a clear idea of the work involved with roof installation and repair.

Here are the primary layers of a conventional modern roof:

  • Decking – sheathing is installed between trusses and joists
  • Flashing – strips of metal or plastic around roof protrusions
  • Frame – the main structure in which all layers are built upon
  • Gutters – water drainage systems along bottom edges of the roof
  • Insulation – protective material between the roof and inner layers
  • Ridge Caps – installed on ridge lines of sloped roofs
  • Shingles – top, most important protection layer
  • Starter Strip – a strip of shingles aligning edges of your home
  • Underlayment – blocks rain from penetrating underneath shingles
  • Ventilation – processes, systems using air vents
  • Water Shield – adhesive material which sticks to wood sheathing

How the Layers Work Together

Protrusions placed on roofs such as vents and chimneys must be sealed around connecting points with strips of flashing to ensure water does not seep into the home. The gutters are designed to drain off excess water. In between the ice and water barrier and attic should be the proper insulation to block sound and elements of the outside world.

As the outer layer of your roof, shingles exist to keep water from leaking into other layers. They are your first line of defense in preventing air, moisture, mold and debris from entering your home. Shingles can last many years, provided they don’t get cracked from falling tree branches or damaged in other ways from storms.

All it takes is one overlooked broken or warped shingle for a minor leak to become a large, expensive headache. Routine inspections by roofing professionals will help extend the life of your shingles and deeper layers.

Professional inspectors must do thorough checks of all roofing layers and components to make sure no leaks are present. Building a familiar relationship with a client informs installers and inspectors on how your roof is constructed, which allows them to resolve issues quickly on subsequent maintenance or inspection visits.

Why Professional Installation Matters

Even though many businesses are tempted to cut costs on all types of maintenance, you should avoid working with hobbyists or inexperienced people who say they can install or repair roofs but lack proper roofing training and certification. Costly and time-consuming disruptions can occur if the installer makes novice mistakes. Furthermore, you are also gambling with your own liability if they lack sufficient insurance.

Since a healthy roof is a crucial factor to safe, comfortable living and can help extend its lifespan, it’s most efficient and productive to get your roof done properly the first time around. You don’t want to waste time with someone who cannot guarantee an excellent professional job. Working with inexperienced individuals can pose serious risks to your budget and meeting your deadlines. Cutting corners on quality when it comes to roofing may have unsafe consequences regarding your health.

Find Your Local, Trusted Contractor

Always make sure no matter which contractor you select for a project, they are backed by a strong reputation in the local community with many years of service. You want a roofer you can trust so you can focus on other life priorities.

Inexperienced roofers may not catch subtle small leaks which can turn into disasters down the road. Since reputable roofing contractors care about their reputations, they come equipped to homes with the necessary tools to get the job done as efficiently as possible. They also provide a warranty that typically lasts for several years, covering installation and materials.

Another important benefit about dealing with a seasoned roofing expert is they communicate the problem and solution more effectively than someone with limited knowledge or vocabulary of roofing. They know the industry definitions of terms and work according to manufacturer instructions, industry standards, and government regulations.

Roof damage can occur from a heavy storm, which is why you should have your roof inspected immediately to make sure serious damage isn’t developing. Contact us at Accord to learn more about how we can help you with affordable roofing and provide high-quality service from well trained and knowledgeable, certified roofers.

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